One of the best things I have done in the past year is become a trustee for the Rowe Historical Society. I’m now one of the few that remember its founders and the excitement of putting the museum together and having tours conducted by them when I was a child.
Last summer the trustees had to move an entire room of things in order to do some repairs and refinish said room. While doing so we cataloged the things that were in there. It was a real hodge-podge of articles from large farm equipment to cameras to kitchen utensils. As we were cataloging we moved many things to other parts of the museum that were more directly related to what they were. I was cataloging a box of smalls when I found a 3″x 4″ printing block with the name Franklin Manufacturing Company on it.
What caught my eye was the line “superior fabric, colour and finish”. That’s when I knew it had to have come from the Satinet Factory that was in town during the 1800’s. I brought the block to a friend, then a friend of a friend who teaches printing made a few copies of what I imagine was a tag of sorts for the fabric woven since No. Yds. is at the bottom of the print.
The print is beautiful.
I am currently working on the yearly bulletin for the Historical Society. It usually has a little story about some interesting thing in town history and maybe a genealogy or story about the occupants of a particular house. I originally chose the really broad subject of manufacturing but with the continued study of this print and what it meant I realized that what I knew about the Satinet Factory was limited and had seriously peaked my interest.
The last month or so has seen an immersion into the manufacture of satinet and textile mills in Western MA during the early 19th century. Textile history is American history, it played huge roles in the American Revolution and the Civil War.
Now being a hand weaver and reading more and more about this particular cloth I decided it was something I needed to weave to get a perspective on what it is since I have yet to find any of it to look at (the search continues at the museum though). Satinet is a fabric woven with a cotton warp and wool weft. It was produced at an inexpensive cloth used in coats, uniforms and trousers. There are a few weavers that out there that have been more than helpful in this little quest and hopefully in the next few days I will put a warp on my loom to do a little sampling (something I never do but curiosity has gotten the better of me).
I’ve found a few photographs of the factory building after it had been abandoned (1876) and have looked at the location (under feet of snow). I also read about “Factory Village” as the center of town was known at the time. The Satinet factory was the single largest economic enterprise that has ever existed in this town yet it seems to be a footnote in the town history and I think that’s because no one really knew what satinet was and how it fit into the scheme of the local and state economies.
I could go on and on about this but there isn’t room (and I dare say interest). What began as a small article could very well turn into something much larger with a little more digging. There is an amazing textile history right here and I’m just beginning to piece the artifacts together with the research. Thank goodness for the internet but at the same time I feel like it’s the technology that keeps people from becoming interested in the things that are right under their noses. Maybe I can do a little to change that.